Chloasma, also known as melasma, is an unavoidable pregnancy symptom that affects approximately 70% of all pregnant women. Chloasma is associated with hyperpigmentation, which is caused by your increased estrogen and progesterone levels, which in turn increase your body’s melanin production.
Basically what happens is that the excess melanin in your body causes you to develop tan or dark skin discolourations in certain areas of your face including: your cheekbones, nose, jawbone and forehead. It is for this reason chloasma is more commonly known as the mask of pregnancy. Chloasma usually disappears by itself during the first few months after birth. Fortunately, it can safely be covered up with concealer if you don’t like how it looks during your pregnancy.
Chloasma is unavoidable and a family history of chloasma and any previous pregnancies only increase your chances of experiencing it during your pregnancy. However, there are some steps you can take to limit your chloasma.
- Limit your exposure to sun.
- Wear hats and long sleeved tops outside.
- Wear sun block all of the time, even if you don’t go outside.
- Use gentle skin products on your face.